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2021 - USA - Total Cost of Vehicle Ownership
 6.94 MB

Detailed analysis of the total cost of ownership (TCO) consisting of all costs related to both purchasing and operating the vehicle. This TCO analysis builds on previous work to provide a comprehensive perspective of all relevant vehicle costs of ownership. In this report, we present what we believe to be the most comprehensive explicit financial analysis of the costs that will be incurred by a vehicle owner. This study considers vehicle cost and depreciation, financing, fuel costs, insurance costs, maintenance and repair costs, taxes and fees, and other operational costs to formulate a holistic total cost of ownership and operation of multiple different vehicles. For each of these cost parameters that together constitute a comprehensive TCO, extensive literature review and data analysis were performed to find representative values in order to build a holistic TCO for vehicles of all size classes. The light- and heavy-duty vehicles selected for analysis in this report are representative of those that are on the road today and expected to be available in the future. Table ES-1 summarizes the main parameters in this study, including the cost components which comprise TCO, the sizes and vocations of vehicles which are analyzed, the powertrains of these vehicles, and the model year for analysis of both current and future vehicles.

1997 - Modelling Vehicle Utilisation and Service Life
 23.93 KB

Memo describing modelling issues and how addressed in HDM-4

1996 - Modelling Capital Costs in HDM-4
 137.38 KB

How capital costs were to be modelled in HDM-4

1996 - Hine - Briefing Paper on Utilization and Service Life
 421.71 KB

Paper by John Hine on the proposed modelling of utilization and service life.

1996 - Capital Cost Modelling
 29.88 KB

Memo on issues with capital cost modelling in HDM-4

1996 - Bennett - Memo on Modelling Capital Costs in HDM-4
 739.23 KB

Memo on capital costs modelling.

Comprehensive review of procedures and preliminary recommendations for HDM-4

1995 - HDM-4 - Optimal Life Software Source
 71.82 KB

FORTRAN code for predicting Optimal Life deterioration.

1995 - HDM-4 - Optimal Life Software Source
 255.67 KB

FORTRAN code for predicting Optimal Life deterioration.

1995 - Daniels - Memo on Utilization Modelling
 264.79 KB

Memo from Clive Daniels on the proposed utilization modelling in HDM-4.

National Roads Board Road Research Unit Bulletin. Detailed analysis on the modelling of vehicle depreciation costs.