1999 - Deterioration of Unpaved Roads Software
The World Bank's Deterioration of Unpaved Roads Model (DETOUR) implements in MS-Excel the road deterioration relationships for unpaved roads of the Highway Design and Maintenance Standards Model (HDM-III), which are the same as the forthcoming Highway Development and Management Model (HDM-4). DETOUR was developed for the World Bank Rural Transport Thematic Group and is designed primarily for engineered unpaved roads, of either gravel or earth surfacing, because the empirical models are based on a variety of such roads. When necessary it is possible to use the relationships also for tracks as a first estimate, but the user needs to be aware that the environmental effects of drainage and rainfall may be poorly represented. For more information regarding roughness and the economic aspects of low volume roads, visit the Design & Appraisal of Rural Transport Infrastructure Web page maintained by the World Bank Rural Transport Thematic Group.
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